- Wall decal
Wall stickers, also known as wall decals, wall tattoos, or wall vinyl, are vinyl stickers that are placed on a wall or other smooth surface for decorative and informational purposes.
The wall sticker is cut using a vinyl cutting machine.
Most decals use a single color, but some may have multiple images printed on them.
Types and sizes
Stickers can range from simple borders and small wall cutouts to more complex murals that cover an entire wall.
They can display words, pictures, and designs.
Vinyl wall stickers come in a variety of shapes and sizes.
They can be as small or as large as needed.
Regular wall stickers are usually between 30cm x 50cm and 60cm x 100cm.
Larger stickers can be 100cm x 100cm or larger.
Most vinyl stickers are non-reusable, although there are some types of vinyl that can be reused.
They use a different adhesive on the back, which means they can be repositioned multiple times before the adhesive wears off.
Large vinyl stickers can be very difficult to apply because they can tear, stretch, and stick to themselves.
Traditional stickers are made of PVC plastic and cut from a single color using a vinyl cutter or laser cutter.
It is possible to print a full color image on vinyl and then cut out the contours around it.
Block cut vinyls come in a variety of finishes, from gloss to metallic to mirror effect.
They can also be completed with a chalkboard or chalkboard and can be cut to make wall stickers.
A variety of PVC-free cloth wall stickers sold as “FabriStick” are made of finely woven fabric with 3M-type adhesive on the back.
It can be printed in full color and profile cut to create intricate designs.
It won’t stretch, tear or peel on its own and is repositionable and reusable in a way that vinyl decals don’t.
Vinyl stickers have a variety of uses.
Vinyl stickers were originally only used for sign making, but have recently been added to the interior decorator’s portfolio and have also become popular as a DIY home decor option.
Fabric wall stickers are very popular with people in rental properties because they allow personal creativity in home decor without damaging the walls.
Even better, the wall hangings can be replaced on the backing sheet provided and carried over to the next property.
Stickers can be used on windows, walls, or tiles for branding, advertising, or decoration.
They can also serve as a tool to let people know that there is a glass door or window.
A notebook (also known as a notebook, notebook, notebook, or notebook) is a book or stack of paper pages that is often lined and used for recording notes or memos, other writing, drawings, or scrapbooks.
During the 14th and 15th centuries notebooks were often made by hand at home by drawing on them in groups which were then tied at a later date.
The pages are blank and each note taker must draw a line on the paper.
Creating and keeping notebooks is an important information management technique so that children learn these skills in school.
According to legend, Thomas W. Holley of Holyoke, Massachusetts invented the legal pad around 1888 when he pioneered the idea of collecting all grades, various types of low-quality waste paper from various manufacturers, and combining them for sale as compresses at an affordable and reasonable price.
In about 1900, the latter became traditional yellow modern law books when local judges requested that the margin be drawn on the left side of the paper.
This is the first legal notebook. The only technical requirement for this type of writing instrument to be considered a true “legal notebook” is that it must have a margin of 1.25 inches (3.17 centimeters) from the left edge.
Here, the margin, also known as the descending line, is the space used to write notes or comments.
Legal notepads usually have a rubber binding at the top rather than spiral or sewing bindings.
In 1902, J. A. Birchall of Birchalls, a stationery shop based in Launceston, Tasmania, Australia, decided that the elaborate method of selling writing paper in folded stacks of “four sheets” (four sheets of paper or parchment folded into eight sheets) was not feasible. efficient.
As a solution, he glued a stack of paper that was torn in half, supported by a piece of cardboard, creating what he called the “Silver City Writing Tablet”.
Binding and cover
Principal types of binding are padding, perfect, spiral, comb, sewn, clasp, disc, and pressure, some of which can be combined.
Binding methods can affect whether a notebook can lie flat when open and whether the pages are likely to remain attached.
The cover material is usually distinct from the writing surface material, more durable, more decorative, and more firmly attached.
It also is stiffer than the pages, even taken together.
Cover materials should not contribute to damage or discomfort.
A journal writing book.
It is frequently cheaper to purchase notebooks that are spiral-bound, meaning that a spiral of wire is looped through large perforations at the top or side of the page.
Other bound notebooks are available that use glue to hold the pages together; this process is “padding.”
Today, it is common for pages in such notebooks to include a thin line of perforations that make it easier to tear out the page.
Spiral-bound pages can be torn out, but frequently leave thin scraggly strips from the small amount of paper that is within the spiral, as well as an uneven rip along the top of the torn-out page.
Hard-bound notebooks include a sewn spine, and the pages are not easily removed.
Some styles of sewn bindings allow pages to open flat, while others cause the pages to drape.
Variations of notebooks that allow pages to be added, removed, and replaced are bound by rings, rods, or discs.
In each of these systems, the pages are modified with perforations that facilitate the specific binding mechanism’s ability to secure them.
Ring-bound and rod-bound notebooks secure their contents by threading perforated pages around straight or curved prongs.
In the open position, the pages can be removed and rearranged.
In the closed position, the pages are kept in order.
Disc-bound notebooks remove the open or closed operation by modifying the pages themselves.
A page perforated for a disc-bound binding system contains a row of teeth along the side edge of the page that grip onto the outside raised perimeter of individual discs.
Notebooks used for drawing and scrapbooking are usually blank.
Notebooks for writing usually have some kind of printing on the writing material, if only lines to align writing or facilitate certain kinds of drawing.
Inventor’s notebooks have page numbers preprinted to support priority claims.
They may be considered as grey literature. Many notebooks have graphic decorations.
Personal organizers can have various kinds of preprinted pages.
Artists often use large notebooks, which include wide spaces of blank paper appropriate for drawing.
Similarly composers utilize notebooks for writing their lyrics.
Lawyers use rather large notebooks known as legal pads that contain lined paper (often yellow) and are appropriate for use on tables and desks.
These horizontal lines or “rules” are sometimes classified according to their space apart with “wide rule” the farthest, “college rule” closer, “legal rule” slightly closer and “narrow rule” closest, allowing more lines of text per page.
When sewn into a pasteboard backing, these may be called composition books, or in smaller signatures may be called “blue books” or exam books and used for essay exams.
Various notebooks are popular among students for taking notes.
The types of notebooks used for school work are single line, double line, four line, square grid line etc.
These notebooks are also used by students for school assignments (homeworks) and writing projects.
In contrast, journalists prefer small, hand-held notebooks for portability (reporters’ notebooks), and sometimes use shorthand when taking notes.
Scientists and other researchers use lab notebooks to document their experiments.
The pages in lab notebooks are sometimes graph paper to plot data.
Police officers are required to write notes on what they observe, using a police notebook.
Land surveyors commonly record field notes in durable, hard-bound notebooks called “field books.”
Coloring enthusiasts use coloring notebooks for stress relief.
The pages in coloring notebooks contain different adult coloring pages.
Students take notes in notebooks, and studies suggest that the act of writing (as opposed to typing) improves learning.
Notebook pages can be recycled via standard paper recycling. Recycled notebooks are available, differing in recycled percentage and paper quality.